Research and Publications SPSS


Research undertakings at the SSPSS have been focusing on human settlement development, land management and administration and environmental management. Other areas include Adaptation of Human Settlements to Climate Change, Vulnerability Assessment for Climate Change, Adaptation and Mitigation. All these areas aimed at attaining secured society, safety and improved societal wellbeing. Additional research areas that are within the purview of ARU are ICT application in Planning and Urban resilience, Natural resource conflicts of management, Gender and equitable services as well as Community and Self Housing strategies.

Research areas

The School is focusing on the following broad research areas
(1) Resilience Cities
(2) Rural Land Management
(3) Investments and Industrial Development
(4) Sustainable Livelihoods
(5) Managing Urban Informality

In line with second five year development plan 2015/2016- 2017/2020, the School has the following research sub themes:

  • Financial Development and Investment (Micro-finance, Micro-insurance)
  • Locational promotion of Technology and Innovation for Development (Industrial, agricultural & Science porks)
  • Manufacturing/ Industrial clusters Development
  • Agricultural Value Chains and Rural Development
  • Agro- Based Investments and Integration of Small Holder Farmers
  • Infrastructure Development
  • Conflict Mediation in Resources Utilization
  • Resource Mobilization for Small Scale Farmers and Businesses
  • Inclusive Community Facilities/ Service provision
  • Facilitating Land access for small scale rural producers

Ongoing major Research activities (2017/2018)

  • Quest for alternative urban planning model in small town in Tanzania, jointly with SLU/ KTH Funded by SIDA
  • “Government and Planning of Resilient Cities in East Africa” jointly with TU-Dortmund, Funded by DAAD and BMBF
  • Analysis of the Impacts of Urban Land Use and Climate Change on Coastal Forest Ecosystem and Management (IULUCC-CFM): Climate Change, Impacts, Adaptation and Mitigation (CCIAM-Project- jointly with SUA)

Ongoing minor Research activities (2017-2018)

  • Elderly household membership in micro-health insurance – Moshi Rural District
  • Linkages between lifestyle and physical planning aspects in built environment. A case comparative study in urban and formal and informal settlements
  • Social segregation in informal and informal and informal neighbourhood and its impacts on quality of life in Dar es Salaam city
  • The role of private planning firms in provision of public spaces in newly planned neighbourhoods. The case of Dar es Salaam
  • Assessing Implementation Effectiveness of Master Plans in Secondary Cities in Tanzania

Recent completed research

  • Community strategies in improved environment and land use management for wealth and employment creation in the informal urban settlements in the lake Victoria: A focus on Jinja, Kisumu and Mwanza. Natural Resources and Land use cluster, Lake Victoria Research Initiative (VicRes) – IUCEA, Kampala- 2014
  • Rurban Africa: African Rural-City Connections- Urban Growth and Migration Works. joint research with University of Copenhagen and SUA - 2016



List of Peer Reviewed Publications

Most Recent

  1. Andreasen, M. H., Agergaard, J., Kiunsi, R. B., & Namangaya, A. H. (2017). Urban Transformations, Migration and Residential Mobility Patterns in African Secondary Cities. Geografisk Tidsskrift-Danish Journal of Geography, 1-12.
  2. Namangaya, A. (draft presented for IAPS conference September 2017) Community Oriented Urban Planning for Small Towns in Tanzania.
  3. Kazaura G. and Burra M. (2017) Land Use Change and Traffic Impact Analysis in Planned Urban Areas in Tanzania, The Case of Dar es Salaam City. Current Urban Studies, 2017, 5, 23-35.
  4. Awotidebe, T.O., Bisiriyu, L.A., Ativie, R.N., Oke, K.I., Adedoyin, R.A., Nabakwe, E.C., Ogunrotimi, K.A. and Mwakalinga, V.M. Prevalence of physical inactivity among Nigerian women: do socio-demographic characteristics, women’s personal attributes and psychosocial factors play any role? JETR. 2017; 4(1):33-45
  5. Mlacha, Y., Chaki, P., Malishee, A., Mwakalinga, V. M., Govella, N. J., Limwagu, A., Paliga, J., Msellemu, D. F., Mageni, Z., Terlouw, D.J., Killeen, G. F., and Dongus, S. Fine scale mapping of the spatial distribution of malaria infection rates by using routinely collected health facility data in urban Dar es Salaam, Tanzania. Geospatial Health. 2017; 12(1).
  6. J. Msami, N.J. Lazaro, and Y. Senkondo (2017). Prevalence of land use conflicts amidst existence of land use plans in rural areas. IAPS Symposium, Dar es Salaam.
  7. C. Reuben, Y.H. Senkondo, J. Msami and R. John (2017). Depletion of fish resource in Lake Kitangiri, Tanzania: poverty - resource overexploitation nexus. Asian Research Journal of Agriculture (In Press).
  8. Y.H Senkondo (In Press) Influence of inorganic fertilizers and cattle manure on copper solubility and uptake by Phaseolus vulgaris. Journal of Building and Land Development.
  9. Y.H Senkondo (In Press) Copper in agricultural soils and in crops – a review. Journal of Building and Land Development.


  1. Y.H Senkondo (2016) Effect of Soil pH, Cattle Manure and Total Copper Load on Copper Solubility in Copper Contaminated Soils. International Journal of Plant and Soil Science 13(4): 1-10
  2. Mwakalinga, V.M., Sartorius, B., Mlacha, P., Msellemu, D., Chaki, P., Govella, N., Coetzee, Killeen, G. and M. Dongus, S. Spatially aggregated clusters and scattered smaller loci of elevated malaria vector density and human infection prevalence in urban Dar es Salaam, Tanzania. Malar J. 2016; 15:135.
  3. Msellemu, D., I. Namango, V. M. Mwakalinga, A. Ntamatungiro, Y. Mlacha, Z. J. Mtema, S. Kiware, N. F. Lobo, S. Majambere, S. Dongus, C. J. Drakeley, N. J. Govella, P. P. Chaki and G. F. Killeen. The epidemiology of residual Plasmodium falciparum malaria transmission and infection burden in an African city with high coverage of multiple vector control measures. Malar J. 2016; 15:288.
  4. Burra, M. (2016) Flood Risk Management in Urban Residential Areas in Dar es Salaam City: Towards Effective Adaptation Strategies – A Case of Mikocheni ‘B’ Settlement. Jbld, special issue, Vol. 19, No.1&2, 2016, pp. 86-109.
  5. M. Mdemu and Burra M. (2016) Drivers of land cover dynamics for Pugu and Kazimuzumbwi Forest Reserves in Kisarawe, Tanzania. Open Journal of Forestry, Vol. 6, pp. 348-360.
  6. Namangaya, A. (2016). Community Based Conservation and Poverty Alleviating: Rhetoric and Reality in Northern Tanzania Tourism Hub: International Journal of Humanities and Social Science Review Vol. 2 No. 2;
  7. Namangaya, A. and Kombe, W. (2016). Decentralisation and Urban Governance: Rhetoric and Practice in Tanzania; in Decentralisation and Regional Development: Experiences and Lessons from Four Continents over Three Decades" SPRINGER, Germany.


  1. Babere, J.N. (2015). Social Production of Space: “Lived Space” of Informal Livelihood Operators; the Case of Dares Salaam City Tanzania. Current Urban Studies Vol.3 No.4
  2. Msami, J. and Lupala, A. (2015): Equitable Access to health Care Facilities in Rapidly Urbanizing Cities. The case of health care facilities in Dar es Salaam. Accepted for publication in the up-coming Journal of Building and Land Development by Ardhi University
  3. Babere, J.N. (2015). Conceptualizing Informal Livelihood Activities: Regulatory Approaches as In-Space and In-Time arrangements: The case of Dar es Salaam City, Tanzania. LAEA 3 (1)
  4. Msami, J. (2015) Dynamics in the Location and Utilization of Health Care Facilities in rapidly urbanizing Cities. Accepted as a Book titled Managing Urban Construction in Tanzania.
  5. Kabisch, S., Jean-Baptiste, N., John, R., and Kombe, W., (2015). Assessing Social Vulnerability of Households and Communities in Flood Prone Urban Areas. In: Pauleit, S., Coly, A., Fohlmeister, S., Gasparini, P., Jørgensen, G., Kabisch, S., Kombe, W., Lindley, S., Simonis, I., and Yeshitela, K. (Eds). Urban Vulnerability and Climate Change in Africa: A Multidisciplinary Approach. pp.197-228. Springer International Publishing, Switzerland.
  6. Y.H. Senkondo, E. Semu and F.M.G. Tack (2015) Vertical distribution of copper in copper contaminated coffee fields in Kilimanjaro, Tanzania. Communications in Soil Science and Plant Analysis.
  7. Y.H. Senkondo, E. Semu and F.M.G Tack (2015) Copper bioavailability to bean (Phaseolus vulgaris) in long term Cu contaminated soils, uncontaminated soils and recently spiked soils. Soil and Sediment Contamination. An International Journal.
  8. Mchome, E. (2015). Application of Road Selection Model for Transportation Improvement in Informal Settlements: The Case of Dar es Salaam City, Tanzania. Published in the Journal of Land Administration in Eastern Africa (JLAEA), Volume 1 Issue 1.
  9. I. Smout, R. Kiunsi, C. Ngouanet, M. Oteng-Ababio, J. Esson, J. Fisher, A. Yemmafouo, & A. Namangaya (2015). Acceptability Of Urban Water, Sanitation, Electricity & Transport Services. 38th WEDC International Conference, On Water, Sanitation And Hygiene Services Beyond 2015:
  10. Namangaya, A. (2015). Mismatch between Realities and Perceptions on Resource Scarcity among Local Resource Users: the Case Mnazi Bay Ruvuma Estuary Marine Park in Tanzania: submitted and accepted to the Journal of Housing and Land Development.


  1. Msami, J. (2014). Location and Accessibility of Health Care Facilities in Rapidly Urbanizing Cities. The case of Dar es Salaam, Tanzania. Reviewed and sent for publication as a book by Ardhi University
  2. John, R., Jean-Baptiste, N., and Kabisch, S., (2014). Vulnerability Assessment of Urban Populations in Africa: The case of Dar es Salaam-Tanzania. In: Edgerton, E., Romice, O., and Thwaites, K., (Eds). Bridging the Boundaries: Human Experience in the Natural and Built Environment and Implication for Research, Policy and Practice. Pp. 233-245.Hogrefe Publishing.
  3. Y.H Senkondo, F.M.G Tack and E Semu (2014). Copper accumulations in soils, coffee, banana and bean plants following copper based fungicides in coffee farms in Arusha and Kilimanjaro regions, Tanzania. Communications in Soil Science and Plant Analysis. 45 (15), 2032 – 2045.
  4. Y.H. Senkondo, F.M.G. Tack and E. Semu (2014). Influence of farm yard manure, poultry manure and forest litter on copper solubility and bioavailability to Phaseolus vulgaris. Soil Use and Management.
  5. Namangaya, A. (2014). Urban Spatial Planning and Local Economic Development: Comparative Assessment of Practice in Tanzanian Cities: International Journal of Business, Humanities and Technology Vol. 4 No. 6.
  6. Namangaya, A. (2014). Merits of Master Plans and Urban Strategic Plans in Guiding Land Use Development: Journal of Housing and Land Development.
  7. Mchome, E. (2014). Development of Road Selection Model for Transportation Improvement with Minimum Compensation Costs in Upgrading Informal Settlements: The Case of Dar es Salaam City, Tanzania. Published in the Journal of Land Administration in Eastern Africa (JLAEA), Volume 2 Issue 1.


  1. John R and Lupala J; (2013) "Tracking the Process and Livelihoods of Kurasini Settlement Displacees in Dar es Salaam City, Tanzania", Rural Planning Journal; 14: 180-209
  2. M. Mdemu, J. Kashaigili, J. Lupala, P. Levira, M. Burra, E. Liwenga, and A. Lupala. 2011. Analysis of the impact of urban land use and climate change on coastal forest ecosystem and management. CCIAM Project, 2011-2013.


  1. Namangaya, A. (2012). Evaluating the Essence of Zoning in Co-managed Marine Protected Areas: the case of Mnazi Bay Ruvuma Estuary Marine Park in Tanzania; in Reconciling Rural Livelihood and Biodiversity Conservation-SPRING Research series
  2. Lupala, J., Kiunsi, R., Malele, B., Namangaya, A., & Mchome, E. (2012). Building Disaster-Resilient Communities: Dar Es Salaam, Tanzania. Disaster Risk Reduction: Cases from Urban Africa, in Pelling, M., and Wisner, B. Disaster risk reduction: Cases from urban Africa. Routledge, 2012.


  1. Namangaya, A. (2011) Resource Use Conflicts in Protected Coastal Areas, their Origin and Management Options: The Case of Mnazi Bay Ruvuma Estuary Marine Park, Tanzania. SPRING Research series Dortmund
  2. Dongus S, Mwakalinga V. M., Kannady K, Tanner M, Killeen G: Participatory mapping as a component of operational malaria vector control in Tanzania. Geospatial Analysis of Environmental Health, Geotechnologies and the Environment series of edited volumes, Springer (2011).


  1. Shabani J, Lutambi AM, Mwakalinga V.M., Masanja H. Clustering of under-five mortality in Rufiji Health and Demographic Surveillance System in rural Tanzania. Global Health Action. 2010


  1. Kyessi, A. and Mwakalinga, V. (2009). GIS Application in Coordinating Solid Waste Collection: The Case of Sinza Neighbourhood in Kinondoni Municipality, Dar es Salaam City, Tanzania.
  2. Mchome, E., Kiunsi, R.B., Lupala, J., Lerise, F., Meshack, M., Malele, B., and Namangaya, A., (2009); Building Disaster – Resilient Communities: Dar es Salaam, Tanzania, In Pelling, M. and Wisner, B. (Eds), Disaster Risk Reduction: Cases from Urban Africa, Earthscan, London Sterling, VA.


  1. FIG Working Week, Eilat, Israel (Oral presentation) Mwakalinga, V., Dongus, S. et al. (2008). Development and scale up of new mapping tools in Dar es Salaam. MTC meeting in Dar es Salaam (oral presentation).


  1. in the Lake Victoria Basin: The Case of Urban Agriculture in Mwanza and Kisumu -Urban Agriculture Journal Mushi N., Kyessi A.; Mireri, C. 2004: Land use Management for Sustainable Livelihoods and Poverty Alleviation; (ViCRES research 2006).


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