Research and Publications


The School has an unparalleled track record in carrying-out research in most areas pertaining to environmental technology and management including environmental pollution control, solid waste management, wastewater treatment, water and sanitation, air quality management, groundwater management, renewable energy, environmental information acquisition and processing, environmental planning and resource management, and various other related fields.  It has well-equipped and stocked laboratories that are always available for research undertakings pertaining to environmental technology and management.  Also, there are modern computing and surveying facilities as well as other support and back-up services within the School and in other academic units within the University.  The School as a whole has most of the necessary infrastructure and expertise required for effective researching in environmental technology and management. Most recent research projects undertaken in the School are: 

  • Investigating Grey Water Treatment and Re-use in Agriculture to Improve Livelihood, Public Heath and Environmental Protection in Lake Victoria Basin (on going) 
  • Atmospheric Dispersion and Deposition Modelling (on going) 
  • Viable Environmental Infrastructure Development in East Africa (on going) 
  • Enhancing Performance of the UASB Reactor Using Effective Microorganisms in Treating Domestic Wastewater under Tropical Conditions (on going) 
  • Anaerobic Digestion of Organic Solid Wastes at Household Level in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania (on going)


  1. Kassenga, G. R. and Mbuligwe, S.E. (2009), Comparative Assessment of Physico-chemical Quality of Bottled and Tap Water in Dar Es Salaam, Tanzania. International Journal of Biological and Chemical Sciences. Vol.3; No. 2; pp. 209-217. 
  2. Kaseva, M. E. (2006). Optimization of Regenerated Bone Char for Fluoride Removal in Drinking Water-A Case Study in Tanzania. Journal of water and Health, Vol. 4. No. 1, pp 139 -147.
  3. Kassenga, G. R. and Mbuligwe, S.E. (2009), Impacts of a Solid Waste Disposal Site on Soil, Surface Water and Groundwater Quality in Dar es Salaam City, Tanzania. Journal of Sustainable Development in Africa. Vol. 10; pp. 73-94.
  4. Chaggu, E. J., Sanders W., Lettinga, G. (2007), Demonstration of anaerobic stabilization of black water in accumulation systems under tropical conditions, Bioresource Technology Vol 98: pp. 3090-3097. 
  5. Mbuligwe, S. E. Solid Waste Management Strategies and Practices that Work: A Developing Country Perspective. (Accepted: International Journal of Environment and Waste Management – Inderscience). 
  6. Mbuligwe, S. E. and Kassenga, G. R. (2007). Landfill Leachate Pollution: Genesis, Environmental Implications, and Remediation Engineering Options. Journal of Building and Land Development 14(1); 122-144. 
  7. Lee, H-W, Mbuligwe, S. E., Pardue, J. H. Characterization of Microbial Communities Beneath a Corroding Crude Oil Storage Tank. (Accepted: Microbial Ecology). 
  8. Mbuligwe, S. E. and Kassenga, G. R. (2007). Small Community Water Resources Supply and Recycling, Nova Publishers, pp. 1-37. 
  9. Kaseva, M.E and Mbuligwe, S.E. (2007). Potential for Resource Recovery Based on Institutional Solid Wastes: A Case Study of Two University Campuses in Tanzania. Journal of Building and Land Development Vol. 14 No. 1; pp. 113 – 121. 
  10. Kassenga, G.R. and Mato, R.A.M. (2008), Arsenic contamination levels in drinking water sources in mining areas in Lake Victoria Basin, Tanzania and its removal using stabilized ferralsols. International Journal of Biological and Chemical Sciences. Vol. 2; No. 2; pp. 389-400. 
  11. Chaggu, E. O. (2008), Determination of Pit-Latrine Sludge Quality during use and at Emptying Stage Under Tropical Conditions: The Case of Dar-es-Salaam City, Tanzania, African Affairs. Vol. 23: pp. 43-72. 
  12. Kassenga, G.R. (2008), The Status and Constraints of Solar Photovoltaic Energy Development in Tanzania. Energy Sources, Part: Economics, Planning, and Policy. Vol 3. No. 4; pp. 420-432. 
  13. Mato, R.R.A.M (2007), Modelling and mapping groundwater protection priorities using GIS: the case of Dar es Salaam City, Tanzania. In: Groundwater vulnerability assessment and mapping (Witkowski et. al. eds.), pp. 155-166. 
  14. Mbuligwe, S. E. Waste Management and Resource Recovery in the Food Processing Industry: The Livestock Industry. (In press: Nova Publishers). 
  15. Kassenga, G.R. (2007), The Microbiological Quality of Bottled Drinking Water Sold in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania. WHO Journal of Water and Health. Vol. 5: pp. 179-185. 
  16. Mbuligwe, S. E. The Need for Institutional Environmental Management Systems (iEMS’s): the case of UCLAS, (in press: Journal of Building and Land Development).  
  17. Mbuligwe, S. E. Greening the Food Processing Industry: Concepts and Perspectives. (In press: Nova Publishers). 
  18. Kassenga, G.R. and Mbuligwe, S.E. (2007) Modelling of Natural and Engineered Wetland Systems Based on Mesocosmic Hydrodynamic Studies. The Tanzania Engineer, Vol. 8. No. 3; pp. 39-49. 
  19. Kassenga, G. R. and Pardue, J. H. (2006), Effect of Competitive Terminal Electron Acceptor Processes on Dechlorination of cis-1,2-DCE and 1,2-DCA in Constructed Wetland Soils. Microbiology Ecology. Vol. 57 pp. 311–323. 
  20. Marobhe, J.N. (2008). Critical review of water supply services in urban and rural areas of Tanzania. Water Policy, Vol. 10 No. 1, pp. 57-71. 
  21. Mbuligwe, S.E. and Kaseva, M. E (2005). Pollution and self-cleansing of an Urban River in a developing Country: A case study in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania. Journal of Environmental Management Vol. 36, No. 2 pp 328-342. 
  22. Mbuligwe, S. E. Novel Approaches and Methods for Prioritizing Community Environmental and Health Needs in Developing Countries. (Accepted: Elsevier Science). 
  23. Ravikrishna, R., Lee, H-W., Mbuligwe, S. E., Valsraj, K. T., and Pardue, J. H. Air Quality During Demolition and Recovery Activities in Post-Katrina New Orleans. (Accepted: Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry). 
  24. Kaseva, M. E. (2006). Contribution of Trona (Magadi) into excessive fluorosis – a case study in Maji Ya Chai ward, Northen Tanzania. Journal of the Science of the Total Environment, Vol. 366, pp. 92-100.
  25. Kaseva, M.E. (2006). Effectiveness of a Vegetated Constructed Wetland in The reduction of BOD5 in Pre-Treated Wastewater. The Journal of Building and land Development, Vol. 13 No. 2, pp. 74-83. 
  26. Mbuligwe, S. E. Technology and Practice Options for Diverse Environmental Health Engineering Needs. (Accepted: Elsevier Science).
  27. Mbuligwe, S. E. Influence of Physical Infrastructure Service Deficiencies on Environmental Health in Urban and Peri-urban Areas. (Accepted: Elsevier Science). 
  28. Kaseva, M. E. (2006). Growth, biomass production and ammonia uptake capacity of Typha latifolia and Phragmites mauritianus in constructed wetland wastewater treatment plant. Journal of The Tanzania Engineer Vol. 8 No. 2, pp 14-23. 
  29. Mbuligwe, S.E. and Kaseva, M.E. (2006). Assessment of industrial solid waste management and resource recovery practices in Tanzania. Journal of Resources Conservation and Recycling. Vol. 47, pp 260-276. 
  30. Kaseva, M. E. and Mbuligwe, S.E. (2007). Potential for resource recovery based on Institutional Solid waste: A case of two University campuses in Tanzania. Journal of Building and Land Development. Vol. 14, No 1, pp 113-121  
  31. Mwegoha, W. J.S. (2008). The Use of Phytoremediation Technology for Abatement of Soil and Groundwater Pollution in Tanzania: Opportunities and Challenges. African Journal of Sustainable Development Vol. 10 No. 1: pp. 140-156. 
  32. Mwegoha W., O. S. Mbuya, N. H. Ugochukwu, and M. D. Abazinge. (2007). Use of Chicken Manure for Biostimulation and Enhancement of Perchlorate Rhizodegradation in Soil and Water Media. Bioremediation Journal 11 Vol. 2: pp. 61-70. 
  33. Kassenga, G.R., Pardue, J.H., Moe, W.M. and Bowman, K.S. (2004). Hydrogen Thresholds as Indicators of Halorespiration in Constructed Treatment Wetlands. Environmental Science and Technology. Vol. 38: pp 1024-1030. 
  34. Mbuligwe, S.E. and Kassenga, G.R. (2004). Feasibility and Strategies for Anaerobic Digestion of Solid Waste for Energy Production in Dar es Salaam City, Tanzania. Resource, Conservation and Recycling. Vol. 42; pp 183 - 203. 
  35. Marobhe, N.J., Renman, G., Gunnar, J. (2007). The study of water supply and traditional water purification knowledge in selected rural villages in Tanzania. In: Indigenous knowledge systems and sustainable development: Relevance for Africa. Boon E. and Hens, L (eds). Kamla-Raj Enterprises, Delhi, Indian. Tribes and Tribals, Special Vol. No. 1, pp. 111-120. 
  36. Marobhe, N.J., Renman, G., Jackson, M. (2007). Investigation on the performance of local plant materials for coagulation of turbid river water. Institution of Engineers Tanzania, Vol. 8 No. 3, pp. 50-62. 
  37. Marobhe, N.J., Dalhammar, G., Gunaratna, K.R. (2007). Simple and rapid method for purification and characterization of active coagulants from the seeds of Vigna unguiculata and Parkinsonia aculeata. Environmental Technology, Vol. 28, pp. 671-681.
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